Saturday, December 3, 2011

Research Methods

The main goal of the project during this trip is to gather as much data as possible about the Nepealese  public health system. We've proposed two surveys to help us obtain the most information that we can while we're there, which have been approved by the Protection of Human Subjects Committee. During the first survey, after an adult member representing a family has given informed consent, the researcher will ask the representative to give to names and genders of occupants in his or her household. Then as the medical examination continues, the doctor will record the treatments and diagnoses given to each member of the family. This is important to our research because it'll be the best way to look at diseases in the area. It also helps us be more informed about which medicines to supply.
The second study will examine general local beliefs about health and what is causing illness in their community. Our questions are:
  1. Number of adults in household:
  2. Number of children in household:
  3.  Have you been to a doctor before? When? Where?
  4.  What are common illnesses? What illnesses are dangerous?
  5. What are possible health concerns (i.e. infant mortality)?
  6. What causes illness (either directly or indirectly, spiritual explanations as well)?
  7. How can good health be achieved and maintained?
  8. What in the community contributes to poor health (i.e. no clean water available)?
  9. What changes would improve your life (i.e. improvements in sanitation, greater access to medicine)?
  10. What are your greatest concerns or worries (i.e. not having enough food)?
  11. What illnesses are you most concerned about contracting? What illnesses do you expect you or your children to contract?
  12.  What do you eat in a typical day? Your children?
  13.  Do pregnant women have a different diet? What do they typically eat?
  14.  How often do you eat grains? Meat? Dairy? Fruits? Vegetables?
  15. What is done when someone is sick?
  16. How was your medical visit today? What would you do to change the structure of this clinic in the future?
  17. What diagnosis and treatment did you receive? Do you think that the diagnosis is correct? What concerns do you have about fulfilling the treatment?
By combining the results from these two surveys, we can then have informed decisions to determine what the focus of the trip will be on later trips. This data is going to be the main driving force for our project because it's going to reveal where the real problems are that need change. As the years progress, this trip will focus on "trouble areas." We will then launching worthwhile programs in conjuguction with the community in order to fight these issues.

-Katie

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